Want to stick out like a sore thumb? Go to a church potluck and fill your plate with nothing but fruit. Or veggies and hummus. Or, don’t even bother with a plate—because, as a vegan, there may be nothing you can eat there.
“Why aren’t you eating?”
“Because I’m a vegan.”
A vegan is someone who eschews all animal products. Vegetarians don’t eat meat, and vegans take it one step further. As a vegan, I don’t eat meat, fish, eggs, or dairy. No cheese, no ice cream, no omelets. I also don’t eat gelatin or honey, and I don’t buy leather. If it comes from an animal, I don’t consume it.
I get that a lot. Why would a person voluntarily give up bacon, pumpkin spice lattes, and macaroni and cheese?
Believe it or not, it all comes down to my faith. I pursue a plant-based diet so I can better serve God’s creation: the animals, our neighbors, and the earth.
The Toots of Veganism
Let’s start from the beginning. In Genesis, humans were given charge or dominion over the animals. But what does that mean—to have dominion? Household pets are fed, walked, and cared for; our society is outraged over animal abuse. So why is it that we ignore our God-given dominion over animals when it comes to food production?
Most of us know only vague details about the cruelty of factory farming, but the suffering is impossible to ignore. Cows endure milking machines latching onto their chapped and infected udders multiple times per day, extracting milk produced by repeated forced impregnation. Cows and pigs both experience depression and anxiety from being trapped in too-small gestation crates and pens, and frequently develop sores and infection from standing in their own waste. Male chicks, useless to the egg industry, are discarded en masse in dumpsters, where they either starve to death or suffocate under the weight of the other babies.
These are the creatures created by God, the “livestock, small animals that scurry along the ground, and wild animals” (Genesis 1:24). These are the creatures over which God has given us dominion. God tells us, “clothe yourselves in tenderhearted mercy, kindness . . .” (Colossians 3:12). There is no compassion in factory farming, no kindness in the treatment of these poor creatures that God created. As Christians, we are called to reach out, to protest, to fight—not to affirm this practice for the sake of our own gain.
Fostering Neighborly Compassion
This compassion extends to our neighbor, as is stated in God’s second greatest commandment: you shall love your neighbor as yourself (Mark 12:31). It’s easy to forget about one’s neighbor while standing at the deli counter or comparing prices on ground beef, but our food choices at the local grocery store affect our neighbors both near and far. Among those most heavily impacted are the economic lower classes, both at work and at home. Slaughterhouse workers face some of the most dangerous working conditions and lowest wages in America. Injuries incurred in slaughterhouses and packing plants are often ignored and underreported, leaving workers bankrupt or crippled.
Additionally, factory farms are hugely destructive and toxic to neighboring communities. Peter Singer, in his book The Ethics of What We Eat, writes about a family who lived near a factory farm. Their house was so overrun with pests that they caught up to 40 mice per day, and the air and water were so riddled with waste and disease that their little boy regularly became very sick; they even found maggots in his stool. These families are our neighbors, the ones we are called to love, and I can only think of them when I consider my call to heal the sick and remember the poor (Matthew 10:8, Galatians 2:10).
Land use affects the earth we walk as well as the neighbors we share it with. Producing a pound of meat uses 250 times more water than a pound of grain in an age when fresh water is already scarce. Between farm equipment, transportation, and processing plants, the factory farming industry kicks out more carbon dioxide than the transportation industry. As demand for meat grows, more and more acres of rainforest, native grasslands, and woods are being torn down to make way for farmland. More than 2,000 species have been declared endangered in less than 50 years, and the numbers are only growing. Millions of trees are felled every minute, reducing the amount of oxygen produced for the growing number of breathing lungs on the planet. Our God made all things to flourish, so when living things die by our behavior and our acts, we are not behaving in God’s image as we were made.
Factory farming and high levels of meat consumption are wildly destructive to all that God has created. When God accused Israel of destructive and hurtful living and bloodshed, he said, “That is why your land is in mourning, and everyone is wasting away. Even the wild animals, the birds of the sky, and the fish of the sea are disappearing” (Hosea 4:3). There is something sad in this passage, something parallel to the bloodshed and devastation that factory farming has on the people, the animals, and the land. There are so many steps we can take to care for God’s creation; veganism is just one.